Project Details


This research proposal is exploratory in nature, and as such the research plan and methodology is primarily driven by qualitative methods, with some recourse to more quantitative, descriptive methods.

The research plan has three main stages, with various tasks attributed to each stage.

Stage 1 This initial stage has three main components:

1.1 The development of the theoretical framework for the scientific analysis of the data;

1.2 The initial identification and profiling of migrant-entrepreneurs and their activities;

1.3 The design and piloting of an online questionnaire survey and interview topic guides.

Stage 2 This is the primary data collection phase of the project. We will use an online survey and interviews for this stage.

2.1 Online survey to gather profiling data, which will be analysed using descriptive statistics and content analysis

2.2 The second source of empirical data will be collected through in-depth interviews. Interviewees will be selected and invited to participate on the basis of the data gathered up to this stage, aiming to cover different nationalities, different types of entrepreneurial ventures and different types of rural areas (e.g. distance from urban centres, population densities and socio-economic profiles of the villages and/or parishes) in which they are inserted.

We envisage conducting around 30 interviews with migrant-entrepreneurs and a further 6 to 8 interviews with key stakeholders (e.g. representatives of municipal councils, the regional tourism board, and relevant associations or services identified as being relevant to the support of the migrants’ activities). The focus of these interviews will be on exploring the potential of this type of entrepreneurship to contribute to the sustainable development of both tourism and local communities by aiming to uncover the types of impacts it is causing from the social, economic and environmental perspectives. A particular focus will be on the business and social networking activities of the migrants and their connectivities to local communities, products and services, as well as environmentally sustainable practices.

Stage 3 The final stage of the project involves the analysis of the data and the dissemination activities.

3.1 Data analysis

3.2 Dissemination

Funding: FCT - Foundation for Science and Technology: 43.305,26€
EXPL/GES-OUT/1395/2021 T-rELMA

Project duration: 18 months

Starting date: 22 January 2022

Keywords: lifestyle migration; entrepreneurship; sustainable tourism development; rural spaces